Situated approximately 5.5kms from the Kandy city and houses over 10,000 plant species spread over 147 hectares. The park is renowned for its large number of Orchid varieties.
The garden was initially used as a court by king Wickramabahu followed by king Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe and later King Wimala Dharma built a temple, which was eventually destroyed by the British army after the takeover and used as a coffee and cinnamon cultivation and as the headquarters of Lord Mountbatten during World War II.
The Royal Botanical Gardens is considered to be one of the best Botanical Gardens in the whole of Asia with a total area of the garden being 147 acres, at 460 meters above sea level and with an annual rainfall of 200mm per day. The gardens are attached to the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka. The classical avenue of palm trees can be seen in the Royal Botanical Garden which is another reason to attract tourists. The Cannonball tree planted by King George V of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary in 1901 is considered to be a tree with a significant history.
The park is currently attracting about 2 million visitors annually, with its well-kept centuries old trees and ever blooming colorful flower beds, Octagon Conservatory, fernery, banks of Burmese, Chinese & Japanese bamboos & numerous flower borders with cannas, hibiscus, chrysanthemums, croton & colorful bougainvillaea and unusual exotic species, it is a spectacular sight to see.