Horton plains is a destination for nature lovers and nature researchers alike with its rich biodiversity and consist of ecosystems such as montane evergreen forests, grasslands, marshy lands and aquatic ecosystem. At an altitude of 2,100 meters above sea level, Horton Plains spreads across over 3,169 hectares of the highest tableland of the island.
Horton Plains is considered to be one of the highest spanning plateau which is home to 24 species of mammals such as elk, deer, wild boar, wild hare, leopard and many more. The Horton Plains National park offers a perfect ground to observe many rare and endemic highland birds and hosts a unique vegetation. The escarpment that falls 880m to the lowlands of the southern region of the island is an impressive feature of the park. The cliff which is called the Worlds End boasts a fabulous view of the tea estates below and all the way out to the distant southern coastline.
It also holds an ecological importance of being in Sri Lanka’s most important catchment area of almost all major rivers and containing most of the endemic plants and animals representative of the country’s wet and Montane zones.