Dambulla is one of the capitals of the medieval Sinhalese Kings. Aluvihare is the other rock temple of equal fame where the Buddhist scriptures were first committed to writing about the first century BC. Dambulla is a scent of unique interest with its rock temples being the most extensive in the island and one of the most famous and in the highest state of preservation and order. The rock of Dambulla, the Dambulu gala where these temples are situated is almost insulated and of vast size.
Situated in the Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, Dambulla is famous for its Dambulla Rock Cave Temples. A large cave temple complex decorated with country’s finest murals. Also known as the Golden temple of Dambulla, this temple is a world heritage site situated in the heart of Sri Lankan Cultural Triangle.
The construction was done in the King Vattagamini Abhaya’s also known as Valagamba period. It is identified that this is the very location where king Valagamba was hiding during the South Indian invasion, and strategised the re-claim the kingdom after 12 years.
To pay gratitude to the Buddhist monks who gave refuge, it’s said the king had built this magnificent temple surrounding the caves in 1st century BC. There are over 80 documented caves surrounding the plains. There are a total of 153 Buddha statues, 3 statues of Sri Lankan kings and 4 statues of god and goddess, all related to Buddha and his life.
Another interesting fact about the caves is that the Archaeologists confirm that this cave and other numerous caves around the main rock had been in use as dwellings in pre historic times. Human skeletons were found on scientific analysis to give evidence of civilisations in this area long before the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. Also evidence of ancient people living on agriculture has been detected in this area for over 2700 years according to archaeological findings (750 BC).