Kandy, also known as Maha Nuwara (Capital) was the last stronghold of the Sinhalese kings, until it was conquered by the British in 1815, after long lasted battle between the nations.
Even after the conquest by the British Kandy remained as the Sinhalese religious capitol, for Sacred Temple of Tooth or Dalada Maligawa was located in the city. The city is packed with Sri Lankan traditional industries, cultural landmarks and blessed with a rich history, hence it is considered the cultural capital of Sri Lanka.
One of the oldest and grandest of all Buddhist festivals, the Esala Perahera featuring dancers, jugglers, musicians, fire breathers and lavishly decorated elephants is celebrated in Kandy in the months of July or August in which it’s believed to commemorate the first teaching by Buddha after he attained enlightenment.
Accessible from almost all major cities, cheapest way to travel is either by bus or train, available throughout the day. If you’re travelling from Colombo, you will be able to catch air-conditioned or normal busses from the Fort main bus stand, that leaves every half hour and the trains are available from the Fort Train Station.
Note: Trains times are available on www.railway.gov.lk/web/
Or if you prefer little bit more luxury, hire a car/van from a private company that can be found all around the country. But make sure you get a quote from few companies before choosing a one.
Like most of the other cities in Sri Lanka the best way to get around in Kandy is by a hired Scooty or by a tuk tuk. However when it come to the city centre and around the lake, it is best to have a stroll around to get an eye full of the local culture and the nature.